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When travelling to Indonesia:

Current Rules & Restrictions:

Indonesian government has imposed temporary entry restriction policy for foreign citizens from all countries to Indonesia.  Click Here for more info.

  • Upon submission of Visa, applicants must provide a health certificate issued by relevant health authorities.
  • All visitors must submit a Health Alert Card to the Port Health Authority upon arrival at Indonesian airports.
  • Should the travel history indicate that a person has travelled to the government-concerned countries in the last 14 days; such a person may be refused entry to Indonesia.
  • For Indonesian citizens who have travelled specifically to areas mentioned above, will have an additional checkup at the arrival airport by the Port Health Authority.

Find Out More

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is not the only marine trash vortex – it’s just the biggest. Researchers from The Ocean Cleanup project claimed that the patch covers 1.6 million square kilometres. The plastic concentration specifically is estimated to be up to 100 kilograms per square kilometre in the centre, going down to 10 kilograms per square kilometre in the outer parts of the patch.

The Atlantic and Indian Oceans both have trash vortexes. Even shipping routes in smaller bodies of water, such as the North Sea, are developing garbage patches. But the biggest vortexes in the ocean comprise of five spaces: one in the Indian Ocean, two in the Atlantic Ocean, and two in the Pacific Ocean.



It’s more like a slimy, gelatinous, plastic soup, where the plastic has dissolved in the water to the extent that it is now a chemically rich, toxic film that floats near the surface with particulates of plastic of various sizes in it.

The amount of debris in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch accrues because much of it is not biodegradable. It consists of high concentrations of plastic, chemical sludge, wood pulp and other debris. Some would expect to see it from a satellite photo, since we are talking about the biggest garbage patch on the planet, however this is not true. Because of its low density (4 particles per cubic meter) – it’s difficult to see via satellite imagery.

The area in the center of a gyre tends to be very calm and stable. The circular motion of the gyre draws debris into this stable center, where it becomes trapped. The seafloor beneath the Great Pacific Garbage Patch may also be an underwater trash heap. Oceanographers and ecologists recently discovered that about 70% of marine debris actually sinks to the bottom of the ocean.

About 54 percent of the debris in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch comes from land-based activities in North America and Asia. The remaining 20 percent of debris in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch comes from boaters, offshore oil rigs, and large cargo ships that dump or lose debris directly into the water. Some of the strange things found in these gyres were computer monitors and even Lego!

Can we clean the Great Pacific Garbage Patch?

The simple answer is – no, it’s not that easy.

There is a lot to consider and many companies have been looking into innovative ways to try and clean up the Great Pacific Gyre. One such initiative is The Ocean Cleanup who developed a full fleet of cleanup systems in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, which aims to clean up 50% of its plastic every five years.

There are counter-arguments however that the time and energy it takes to collect and return the waste could result in large amounts of greenhouse gases and carbon, and called for organisations to do more to stop litter entering oceans in the first place.  The marine life is also a concern with this kind of devices, especially the smaller floating plankton that many creatures depend on.

What is the impact of Garbage Patches on the environment?